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Guanajuato, the birthplace of famed muralist Diego Rivera, is also the site of Alhondiga de Ganaditas, a former town granary that became a revolutionary symbol after the heads of insurrectionists Hidalgo, Allende, Aldama and Jimenez were posted at the four corners of the building. A number of important and celebrations occur throughout Guanajuato, including local religious and historical fiestas that celebrate popular folklore and practices. Events such as the Cervantes International Arts Festival, the San Miguel de Allende Chamber Music and Jazz Festival, the Short Film Festival and the State Fair held every January in León attract thousands of from throughout Mexico.

In 1552, Captain Juan de Jaso, mineral deposits in the Guanajuato region and subsequently Real de Minas (The Royal Mines). The of silver in the region led to rapid settlement by the Spanish throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. The present-day city of Guanajuato was established in 1679.

Guanajuato’s name is derived from the Purépecha word Cuanaxhuato, which the mountainous place of frogs. The name was to the region by the nomadic Purépecha Indians, who wandered north of the Lerma River in of minerals and thought the area’s mountains resembled frogs.

The state’s economy long from its silver mines, which among the richest in the world. Other minerals harvested from Guanajuato’s mountains are tin, gold, copper, lead, mercury and opals. The state also leads the nation in the manufacture of shoes and the production of various farm , such as lettuce, potatoes and fruits. Among the state’s are motor vehicles and auto parts, leather goods, chemicals and electric machinery.

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