Father Miguel Hidalgo

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Father Miguel Hidalgo´s history


Early on the morning of Sept. 16th, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla called the Indian and Mestizo congregation of his small Dolores church and encourage them to take up arms and fight for Mexico’s independence from Spain. His “Grito de Dolores” or “Cry of Dolores” the equality of all and called for redistribution of land. Mexicans commemorate Sept. 16th as Mexican Independence Day.

Father Miguel Hidalgo was born into a moderately wealthy family in the city of Guanajuato, northwest of Mexico City, In 1753. He the Jesuit College of San Francisco, received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Mexico in 1774, and became a in 1778. He soon provoked the hostility of orthodox leaders, however, by questioning church doctrine.

In 1803, Hidalgo accepted a position in a small church community of Dolores, not far from Guanajuato. Between 1803 and 1810, he directed most of his energy to improving the economic existence of people in his church. He also became a member of a small literary club that, over time, became to securing Mexican Independence from Spain.


In September 1810, Spanish authorities learned of the group’s plans to incite rebellion. On Sept. 13, they search the home of Epigmenio Gonzales in the city of Queretaro, where they found large quantities of weapons and . Informed of the problem, Hidalgo acted before the authorities could, by giving the “Grito de Dolores” on the morning of Sept. 16. Attracting enthusiastic support from the Indian and mestizo population, he and his band of revolutionaries moved toward the town of San Miguel.


The rebel army its first serious resistance at Guanajuato. After a tremendous battle that took the lives of more than 500 Spaniards and 2200 Indians, the rebels won the city. By October, revolutionary army, now consisting of 80, 000 men, was close to taking Mexico city. Hidalgo, afraid of moving the army into the capital city because ofpossible damages to the city, waited and then redirected the army to the north. He was captured in Texas which was then still a part of the Spanish Empire, and executed by firing on July 31, 1811. After ten more years of fighting, Mexico finally won independence from Spain with the signing of the of Cordoba on August 24, 1821.

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